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Causes of eye twitching, including smoking, caffeine and stress

Eye twitching is a spasm or movement of the eye muscle that you can't control. Your doctor might call it blepharospasm. It tends to happen more in your upper eyelid. The lid moves every few seconds, usually for just a minute or two, according to webmd.

eye spasms


Minor eyelid twitching is often associated with everyday things like fatigue, stress or caffeine. You may also have it due to irritation of the surface of your eye (cornea) or the membranes that line your eyelids (conjunctiva).

Benign primary blepharospasm usually appears in mid to late adulthood and gets worse over time. Women are twice as likely to have it as men. It's not a serious condition, but more serious cases can interfere with your daily life.

Begins with constant blinking or eye irritation. As it gets worse, you may be more sensitive to light, blurred vision, and have facial spasms. The spasms may become so severe that your eyelids remain closed for several hours.

Causes of eye twitching

Your eyelid may twitch due to an unusual signal in your brain or facial muscles. Everyday things that can cause this to happen include:






Some medicines, especially those that treat psychosis and epilepsy

Certain brain and nervous system disorders can also cause eyelid twitching, including:

Parkinson's disease

brain damage

multiple sclerosis


Eye twitching complications

Some people can have eye cramps all day, which may last for days, weeks, or months. They can be distracting and affect your life. You should talk to your doctor if:

It lasted for more than a week

Your eyelid closes completely

Spasms include other facial muscles

You have eye redness, swelling, or discharge

drooping upper eyelid

If your doctor suspects a problem with your brain or nerves, they will check for other common signs of the condition. They may refer you to a specialist, such as a neurologist.

eye twitching treatment

Most small spasms go away on their own. Getting plenty of rest and cutting back on smoking and caffeine may help. If the cause is dry or irritated eyes, try using over-the-counter artificial tears.

In some cases, your doctor may suggest a procedure called myomectomy. They remove some of the muscles and nerves around your eyelid. The surgery can also relieve artery pressure on the facial nerve that's causing hemifacial spasm.