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Know the difference between hay fever and the common cold and 3 ways to deal with its symptoms

Hay fever is an allergic reaction to common substances such as dust or pollen. Some symptoms include coughing, sneezing, a runny nose, and swollen eyelids. You can treat hay fever with medications such as antihistamines or nasal steroid sprays. You're coughing, sneezing or have a runny nose but unlike a cold, hay fever is caused by an allergic reaction rather than a viral infection, INSIDER reports.

The following report provides everything you need to know about how hay fever affects you and what you can do to treat it.

What is hay fever?

Hay fever is an allergic reaction to common substances such as dust or pollen. Another name for hay fever is allergic rhinitis. There are two types of allergic rhinitis:

Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis: Seasonal allergies are generally caused by pollen and shift from season to season, depending on which plants bloom, so they spread in spring.

Perennial allergic rhinitis: Perennial allergies can affect all year round and are often caused by indoor materials such as dust or mold.

What causes hay fever?


When you are allergic to something, it means that your body overreacts to substances that are generally harmless to others, for example, when you breathe in tree pollen, your immune system treats the pollen as a dangerous foreign body that must be destroyed.

In response, your immune system produces antibodies that then release chemicals called histamines. Histamines are what cause runny noses, itchy eyes and sneezing, which are common symptoms of hay fever.

Some common triggers for seasonal allergies are at the following times:

Early spring: tree pollen

Late spring and summer: grass pollen

Fall: ragweed pollen

Perennial allergens include:


dust mites

Fur and dander cats and dogs

Pests such as mice and cockroaches

Various types of mold and fungi

Allergies can also be caused by substances that irritate the sinuses, such as perfume, cigarette smoke, and automobile exhaust.

Hay fever symptoms


Most people are familiar with common allergy symptoms, but there are many other effects of hay fever, including some that can cause serious problems.

Some allergy symptoms include:

coughing and sneezing

Runny or stuffy nose

swollen eyelids

Itchy eyes, nose, mouth or throat

Difficulty concentrating or making decisions

memory problems

nervous mood

Tiredness or difficulty sleeping

If you start to feel unwell, there are some basic signs that help you distinguish between an allergy and a cold.

Hay fever generally does not cause symptoms such as fever, decreased appetite, muscle soreness, or gastrointestinal side effects, while some colds can.

Hay fever in children


For very young children, hay fever can cause a mood because they are distressed by its symptoms and cannot express how they feel.

Children with allergies can also get ear infections from fluid buildup and this can impair their hearing, so it is especially important to treat ear symptoms, as they can interfere with speech development. A stuffy nose can also be a serious problem, as children may begin to Breathing through their mouths, which can cause problems with their teeth growing in.

How to treat hay fever

1- Avoid pollen: If you suffer from seasonal allergic rhinitis, one step you can take is to stay indoors on windy days, when the amount of pollen in the air is usually higher. You should also keep windows closed to prevent allergens from entering The open air.

You can wear goggles or masks to protect yourself, as well as use dust covers on pillows and mattresses to reduce your exposure to dust.

2. Use of medications: Most people use medications for relief and this includes antihistamines that block the effects of histamine that cause allergy symptoms.

3. Try Immunotherapy (allergy injections or tablets): For people who do not get enough help from medication, or who want a permanent solution to their allergies, immunotherapy can be a good option. Immunotherapy by giving you very small doses of allergens over 3 to 5 years, allowing your body to build up resistance.