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Learn about x-rays and tests that detect sarcoidosis


Sarcoidosis is a disease characterized by the growth of small groups of inflammatory cells or granulomas in any part of the body, most often the lungs and lymph nodes, but it may also affect the eyes, skin, heart and other organs, according to a report by the "Mayo Clinic" The cause of sarcoidosis is unknown, but experts believe It is caused by the body's immune system response to an unknown substance. Some research suggests that infectious agents, chemicals, dust, and a possible abnormal reaction to body proteins can be responsible for the formation of granulomas in genetically predisposed people.


The following lines present methods for diagnosing sarcoidosis



Blood and urine tests to assess your general health and how well your liver is working.


X-ray imaging.


A computerized tomography (CT) scan of the chest to check your lungs.


Pulmonary (lung) function tests to measure your lung volume and how much ink you're carrying into your blood.


Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) for heart disease.


Eye examination for vision problems that may be caused by sarcoidosis.


Magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography.


Other tests can be added

 

Biopsies: An image showing a sample of tissue (biopsy) from a part of your body thought to have sarcoidosis.


Sarcoidosis treatment methods


In many cases it goes away on its own. You may even need treatment. Symptoms will determine the severity and extent of your condition, whether treatment is needed and what type of treatment it is.


Corticosteroids: Strong medications are usually the first line of treatment for sarcoidosis. In some cases, corticosteroids may be applied directly to the affected area by cream on the skin lesion or eye drops.


Medications that suppress the immune system: Reduce inflammation by suppressing the immune system.


Hydroxychloroquine: Hydrochloroquine may be useful for cutaneous skin lesions.


TNF-alpha inhibitors: These medications are commonly used to treat inflammation associated with rheumatoid arthritis and may also be useful in treating sarcoidosis that has not responded to other treatments.


Other medications may be used to treat certain symptoms or complications.

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